The plant list includes 959 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus juncus. One to three stems grow from each of the bulblike bases. The green dagger shaped leaves fold over along the midvein towards the stem, similar to iris leaves. Effect of two management techniques applied to the reduction. Salviato societa veneziana di scienze naturali web references. Moderate management of temporary wetlands is one of the most proper methods for their restoration and conservation. This file is licensed under the creative commons attributionshare alike 4. Juncus tenuis manual of the alien plants of belgium. This study aimed to investigate if microorganisms from rhizosediments of two salt marsh plant species, phragmites australis and juncus maritimus, occurring in an estuary in northern portugal highly impacted by anthropogenic activities guimaraes et al. Sea rush, seaside rush, lesser sharp searush, juncus broteroi. Unlike needle rush and soft rush, this species has recognizable. Rushes of the genus juncus are herbaceous plants that superficially resemble grasses or sedges. Journal of plant ecology, volume 6, issue 2, april 20, pages 177186.
Because such marshes function as small endorheic basins, salinity very much increases through the accumulation of salts. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Comparative studies on the responses to salinity and drought were carried out in three juncus species, two halophytes juncus maritimus lam. Twentyone species of juncus occurs in florida wunderlin, 2003. Ecology and management of juncus effusus soft rush on. The plants database includes the following 125 species of juncus. My plant identifier when i bougjt it says that its a perinnial. It can no longer be found in the southern reed bed site, but persists in the northern. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the creative commons cc0 license.
Taxonomic and nomenclatural notes on juncus taxonomicke a nomenklatoricke poznamky k rodu juncus svensnogerup1, peter f. Soft rush provides food and nesting to birds and other wildlife. This is the profile for the plant juncus maritimus sea rush simar talbahar. Proline as a biochemical marker in relation to the ecology of. Hosted by the usgs core science analytics and synthesis. Juncus maritimus sea rush seaside rush lesser sharp sea. Permission is granted to copy, distribute andor modify this image under the terms of the gnu free documentation license, version 1. Inflorescence, flower clusters, consisting of up to 10 flower heads form at the stem tips, and are round in shape and comprised of many individual dark brownish purple flowers.
All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the. Juncus maritimus sea rush seaside rush lesser sharp searush. It is commonly found growing in humusrich areas like marshes, ditches, fens, and beaver dams. It is sometimes considered conspecific with juncus kraussii. We do not intend the plant list to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. The juncus tenuis group is a taxonomically difficult species complex. Curtis 38 1991 from new south wales, without indicating degree of sterility. The only member of the juncus section collected in new york was juncus maritimus, a eurasian species, found within the years 1880 to 1903 in brooklyn. Juncus acutus is more competitive on sandy soils, showing moderate ec, whereas j. A read is counted each time someone views a publication summary such as the title, abstract, and list of authors, clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the fulltext. Juncus marginatus ufifas center for aquatic and invasive. Spiralis corkscrew rush juncus effusus proven winners.
Soft rush is located throughout the majority of the us, parts of canada, and pr kartesz, 1999. Family juncaceae consists of eight genera, of which namely juncus l. Juncus effuses, commonly known as soft rush, common rush, bog rush or mat rush, is a grasslikelike, rhizomatous, wetland perennial that features smooth, upright, cylindrical, unjointed, spirelike green stems leaves are absent which grow in spreading basal clumps to 2040 tall. The atlas of florida plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. This page was last edited on 15 august 2015, at 12. Access is allocated within two business days of purchase and lasts one year. Juncus species can be grown on the edge of waterbodies to help control erosion. Pdf this study describes the mycorrhizal status of juncus maritimus, riparian species of sidi boughaba northwestern of morocco. Juncus maritimus name synonyms juncastrum maritimum fourr. While every effort has been made to provide the most reliable and uptodate information available, ultimate legal requirements with respect to species are contained in.
Biodegradation of enrofloxacin by microbial consortia. Phenolic glycosides of juncus acutus and its antieczematic activity. This is a true rush that will grow to as much as 40 tall. Outstanding my favorite plant, i recommend to others all the time and explain the reasons why i like it so much. Giunco marittimo walter hood fitch illustrations of the british flora 1924 permission granted to use under gfdl by kurt stueber. The yellowish inflorescence appears to emerge from one side of the stem about 20. Juncus is a genus of monocotyledonous flowering plants, commonly known as rushes.
This work aimed to evaluate, in vitro, the capability of roots of salt marsh plants to release strong cucomplexing ligands and to ascertain whether cu contamination would stimulate ligands exudation or not. Plants42 collection of 192 vintage images vegetable. The stems are smooth cylinders with light pith filling. Lyons current status and potential spread of juncus acutus in western australia 26 greg j. Biodegradation of enrofloxacin by microbial consortia obtained from rhizosediments of two estuarine plants. Keighery biology of sharp rush, juncus acutus 38 kate brown and karen bettink control of sharp rush, juncus acutus 43. Syntype of juncus dregeanus kunth variety conglomeratus. This page was last edited on 17 august 2019, at 19. Plant type pond marginal normally available from early april water depth 0cm to 10cm height 15cm to 30cm position full sun to part. Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses. Pdf thermal properties of new insulating juncus maritimus. These are primarily included because names of species rank are synonyms.
In 1897, juncus maritimus was discovered on saltmarsh sand near berrow by white 1912. Composites based on juncus maritimus fibers for building insulation. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the university of south florida and other herbaria. They are effective in containers and juncus effusus cv. Taxonomic treatment of juncus in this key generally follows the family monograph by kirschner 2002. Mar 20, 2008 this work aimed to evaluate, in vitro, the capability of roots of salt marsh plants to release strong cucomplexing ligands and to ascertain whether cu contamination would stimulate ligands exudation or not. The record derives from iopi data supplied on 20120323 which reports it as an accepted name record 315420 with original publication details. It produces thin stems with brownish flowers at the tip. Each plant profile in the database contains nomenclature info, botanical data, plant description, large, highresolution pictures, images and photos of the plants and its parts, detailed information. The cessation of use may lead to high biomass domination by macrophytes as juncus maritimus lam.
Juncaceae article pdf available in arabian journal of chemistry 155 july 2012 with 414 reads how we measure reads. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. One of the most common species of juncus, the native soft rush may be found as a single clump, as a colony of clumps or as a colony of single stems several feet tall, in water or on dry ground. It is winding its way throughout the flowers and looks fantastic. Proline as a biochemical marker in relation to the ecology. Please note that this is a trial program and may end. Each plant profile in the database contains nomenclature info, botanical data, plant description, large, highresolution pictures, images and photos of the plants and its parts, detailed information such as uses, history, habitat, and medicinal properties, ph. It is a popular ornamental water plant due to its tortuous spiral like foliage. It has a nearly cosmopolitan distribution, being found. Juncus maritimus sea rush juncus megacephalus bighead rush juncus mertensianus mertens rush.
Its palegreen stems are erect and two to five feet tall. Salt marsh plants juncus maritimus and scirpus maritimus as sources of strong complexing ligands. Enjoy unrestricted access to all content and features, including. Plants profile for juncus marginatus grassleaf rush. Juncus inflexus, commonly known as hard rush or blue rush, is a rhizomatous, denselytufted perennial with upright, cylindrical, bluegreen stemsleaves. Genus juncus can be annuals, deciduous or evergreen perennials, forming clumps of narrow, often cylindrical leaves, with clusters of small brown flowers borne on leaflike stems in summer details j. The plant list includes a further 942 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus juncus. Johnson as this hybrid are at least partially fertile and have an intermediate. Proline as a biochemical marker in relation to the ecology of two. However, competition by vegetation was not recognised as a problem across all the sites, and within. Download the juncus key as a single document pdf 14mb download juncus species factsheets.
Juncus maritimus, known as the sea rush, is a species of rush that grows on coastlines. Page designed through the cooperative efforts of interagency itis teams. The sea rush juncus maritimus and the seaclub rush scirpus maritimus, both from the lower douro river estuary nw portugal, were used. Juncus effusus ufifas center for aquatic and invasive plants.
It is the largest genus in the family juncaceae, containing around 300 species. It is native to marshes, wet meadows, flood plains, riverlake margins, wet hillsides sandy or peaty and ditches in europe, asia and north africa. The current distribution of juncus acutus and aspects of its occurrence in the sw agricultural zone 19 michael n. Effect of two management techniques applied to the. Salt tolerance in juncus depends on the inhibition of transport of toxic ions to the aerial part. Sea rush juncus maritimus this native arching rush will be happy by your pond or equally can tolerate sea spray and slightly brackish water. It can no longer be found in the southern reed bed site, but persists in the northern site which itself is now the edge of a reed bed. Salt and moisture characteristics of juncus species, as reported in the literature, mainly from bohling et al. Juncus effusus ufifas center for aquatic and invasive.
These have been the only vouchered reports of this species in north america. An illustrated flora of the northern united states, canada and the british possessions. Phragmites australis and juncus maritimus, occurring in an estuary in northern portugal highly impacted by anthropogenic activities. The elaboration and experimental characterization of composite materials based on different juncus maritimus fibers content 0, 2, 5, 7 and 10 by mass are. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes.1538 1155 886 416 615 238 889 583 1132 962 300 520 378 220 1597 1106 1218 1088 899 397 561 1025 202 598 594 1451 1227 1200 1245 600 593 736 42 1483 283 956 1387 827 1015 1048 867 130